It has long been recognized that if society could have advanced information on weather, the adverse effects associated with extreme weather could be minimized. The prevalence of traditional forecast practices in various parts of the world reflects the demand for long-range forecast schemes to manage uncertainties associated with it. Recent advancements in long-lead flood prediction programmes in Bangladesh promise huge benefits for society and have resulted in strong interagency cooperation and networking… Read More
For decision makers to receive relevant information, the framework should be able to relate the adaptation issue to those who will do the planning. Given such uncertainty in regional-scale climate projections, as well as small increments expected over the next 15 to 20 years, the question arises as to whether climate change will have a discernible impact, especially when compared with rapid human-induced changes, such as deforestation and land use-induced flooding in… Read More
Coastal inundations are an increasing threat to the lives and livelihoods of people living in low-lying, highly-populated coastal areas. According to a World Bank Report in 2005, at least 2.6 million people may have drowned due to coastal inundation, particularly caused by storm surges, over the last 200 years. Forecasting and prediction of natural events, such as tropical and extra-tropical cyclones, inland flooding, and severe winter weather, provide critical guidance to emergency… Read More
Tropical cyclones accompanied by storm surges are one of the frequent major disasters in Bangladesh. More than 5 million people living in high risk areas) in the coastal belt are extremely vulnerable to cyclonic disaster. The Cyclone of 1970 took 300,000 and 1991 took 139,000 lives; and unaccounted properties. To reduce this risks many cyclone shelters and safe havens were built along the coastal zones. But due to increased population, requirements of… Read More
Early warning system (EWS) is an integral part of human to influence perceptions, decisions and behaviour in times of adverse conditions and crises. Thus an early warning system integrated science, institutions and society for hazard detection to trigger warning, influences behavior for decision making and community response. People still EWS as their immediate warning and evacuation process to save lives. The notion of the Last Mile originated from the need that EWS… Read More
The tremendous loss of life resulting from the December 26, 2004 tsunami emphasized the necessity of establishing and improving tsunami warning systems in countries of the Indian Ocean. While the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (PTWC) in Hawaii notified officials in some countries about the probability of a tsunami generated by the Sumatra Earthquake, there were no protocols for distributing this warning information to appropriate government officials, media, community organizations, and coastal populations…. Read More
Early warning is a key element for disaster risk reduction. In recent decades, there has been a major advancement in medium range and seasonal forecasting flood forecasting skills. This progress provides a great opportunity to improve advisories for early action and planning for flood hazard. This approach can facilitate a proactive rather than a reactive management of adverse consequences of flood events. In agricultural sector, for instance, farmers can take diversity of… Read More
Fakhruddin has over 13 years of professional experience in hydrology, flood forecasting and early warning systems and community based flood disaster management working mostly in South and Southeast Asia, with national and international organizations, local authorities and donor agencies. His current professional interest and expertise is in developing long-lead flood forecasting system and integrating with community based forecast dissemination and preparedness mechanism.